Flood Insurance Programs
There are four types
of sump pumps commonly used – two are electric, one is water-powered
while the fourth is available in either option.
– This type is an upright electric sump pump whose motor is
located above the pump as it is not meant to get wet. It has a float-activated
switch that turns the pump on when the water reaches a certain level.
It is ideal for basements needing frequent water drainage. They are
usually the least expensive but tend to be noisier than the submersibles.
– This electric sump pump is installed in ground and specifically
designed to function underwater. It has the same float-activated switch
as the pedestal. Submersibles are more expensive, but boast a longer
life than the pedestal type. Their sealed, oil-cooled motors are protected
from moisture and dust, making them quieter.
- This type of sump pump runs off the water pressure from your home
plumbing system. It has the same float-activated switch as the electric
sump pump types, and handles water at a comparable rate. Since the
water-powered pump requires no electricity to operate, it is often
installed alongside an electric sump and used as a back up system
during a power failure. Water powered sump pumps are energy efficient because they are powered by water, not using electricity.
|Floor Sucker Pumps
– These sump pump types are used mostly in basements, cellars
or crawl spaces which do not have an actual sump pit. They are called
floor sucker pumps because they remove water to within a 1/8"
of the floor (or other surfaces such as a roof or the ground). Available
in various flow rates, under manual or automatic operation, while
some are electronically controlled, the floor sucker pumps are versatile.
They were particularly useful during the east coast storms this fall.
vs. Cast Iron Construction
All of the sump pump types are available in either plastic or cast iron.
For the cost-conscious homeowner, plastic sump pumps will suit some applications,
delivering a dependable product for a reasonable price. For contractor-grade,
longer-lasting applications, opt for the cast iron construction.
No matter which one you have
or have chosen, all sump pump types should have a check valve on the water
outlet pipe in order to prevent the water from running back into the sump
when the pump shuts off. Water flowing back and forth can cause the pump
to turn on and off more than necessary and shorten the life of the pump.
Choose the design and material
of your sump pump based on the application in your home. Be it an electrical,
water-powered or floor sucker model, your home is safer and more secure
with a quality sump pump.
to read more about sump pump installation.
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