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Types of Mold

There are many types of mold, some of which can be just a mild nuisance while others can be toxic and can produce serious health problems to those who are exposed to it.

The issue of mold contamination poses a serious health threat for many people who may or may not be aware that they are possibly at risk in their homes, schools and workplaces.

Toxic Mold
Some types of mold may contain mycotoxins that can be life-threatening to everyone especially infants, the elderly and any person with immune system deficiencies.

Stachybotrys chartarum is a type of toxic mold which will grow anywhere indoors where there is moisture. This type of mold is most commonly found in homes or buildings that have sustained flooding or water damage, roof, wall or floor leaks or condensation.

  • It continues to grow as long as the area remains damp or wet.
  • It is usually black in appearance (but can be other colors), slightly shiny at first and powdery when dry.

The World Health Organization and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency have raised concerns about the dangers of poor air quality and how it is related to SBS (sick building syndrome.)

Common Places to Find Toxic Mold

  • Paper covering of gypsum wall board
  • Wallpaper
  • Cellulose based ceiling tiles
  • Paper products
  • Carpets with natural fibers
  • Paper covering on insulated pipes
  • Insulation material
  • Wood and wood paneling
  • General organic debris
  • Paper covering on fiberglass insulation

Mild symptoms to mold exposure can produce flu-like discomforts such as a stuffy nose, eye irritation or wheezing.

Severe reactions occur when people are exposed to large amounts of mold which may cause fever and shortness of breath.

Those with chronic mold exposure may suffer from obstructive lung disease or lung infections.

Common Types of Indoor Mold

  • Cladosporium
  • Penicillium
  • Aspergillus
  • Alternaria


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